A measured dose of optimism and small steps towards implementing the Paris Agreement were overall good outcomes for this year’s climate conference held from November 6-17. Positive developments aside, COP23 closed with substantial uncertainty for finalizing the implementation rules for the Paris Agreement prior to COP24 and serious questions remain as to whether actions will be taken towards limiting the global temperature increase.
Author: Elisabeth Gilmore
Key to attaining those stringent end-of-century temperature targets is the need for a substantial amount of land to be devoted to new biomass to replace fossil fuel burning, and for reforestation to act as a sink for carbon dioxide.
While the research on the effect of climate change on the risk of armed conflict and other forms of violent unrest is far from settled, climate change is at least anticipated to affect many of the more established pathways to conflict.